Wukari International Studies Journal https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss <p><strong>Wukari International Studies Journal</strong> is an annual publication of <strong>Wukari International Studies Group (WISG)</strong>, domiciled in the Department of History and Diplomatic Studies, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State.</p> en-US editor@wissjournals.com.ng (Ochoga Edwin Ochoga) has2husen@gmail.com (Yunisa Hassan) Wed, 22 May 2024 17:49:26 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 SYNERGY BETWEEN THE YOUTH AND A SECURED NATION: AN ATTEMPT TO DEVELOP NIGERIA THROUGH POLITICS AND ELECTORAL REMINISCENCE https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/276 <p>Insecurity is another factor battling the political development of Nigeria. It has been observed over the years that no amount of political awareness of the populace, the country will remain underdeveloped politically until this issue is resolved. However, the youths have a lot of roles to play in order to restore the thrust in the government through their participation in the political process and combating with all their strengths the insecurity of the nation. The study therefore aims at examining these roles and some of the impacts of the persistent insecurity on political development in the country. Survey research method with the use of questionnaire to garner responses from various stakeholders and politicians was adopted by the researcher. System Theory was used to navigate the study with expected findings. The result of findings of the study shows that the youths can participate actively in the political affairs of the nation by; joining political parties of their choice, shunning all political violence, engaging in peaceful political rallies and campaigns and ultimately vying for elective positions in the country. It also identifies political apathy, low turnout of voters during elections, disinterest in politics, lack of trust in the leadership and fear of death and intimidation as some impacts of insecurity on political participation of the youths in Nigeria. &nbsp;The study thereby recommends that; godliness, provision of employment opportunities by the government, secured borders, good parental care etc will improve on the security state of the nation.</p> DR. ABDULKAREEM ONAKOYA Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/276 Wed, 22 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ANATOMY OF CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE FARMER-HERDER CONFLICT ON FOOD SECURITY IN BENUE STATE, 2015-2023 https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/277 <p>Benue State has recorded significant increase in farmer-herder conflict and major drawbacks in communal coexistence. This study examines the causes of the conflict and its effects on food security in the state. The structural conflict theory was used in analyzing the major variables while descriptive documentary design involving a mix of exploratory interview, Focus Group Discussion, observation, analyses of official documents and secondary data was utilized to triangulate evidence. Twenty (20) participants were purposively drawn from the population in the study area for interviews and focused group discussions and their responses were transcribed, presented and analyzed in a descriptive form using thematic headings. Deriving from the study findings, the results generated indicated that the underlying cause of the farmer-herder conflict in Benue State is climate change with its attendant consequence of herders migrating from the north to the state in search of pasture and water points. However, trigger causes muted by respondents include but not limited to illegal invasion of farms and destruction of crops by cattle, cattle rustling and theft; passage of the Open Grazing Prohibition and Ranches Establishment Law 2017, among others. Effects of the conflict on food security include the destruction of human lives and animals, farmlands and properties, drop in food production, hike in food prices, and rise in poverty level among the people, social dislocation and population displacement, among others. Against this backdrop, the study recommends that aside intensifying campaigns and actions against climate change, the Benue State Government and its critical stakeholders should strengthen and improve local peace building and reconciliation systems, among others.</p> ACHANYA, JULIUS JOHN PH.D, VARZOA LUMA Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/277 Wed, 22 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ECONOMIC HISTORY OF IGALA WOMEN IN KOGI STATE, 1900 – 2020 https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/278 <p>This paper explores the economic history of Igala women in Kogi State, Nigeria. It delves into the historical context of Igala society, examining the traditional roles and economic activities of women within the community. Through a comprehensive analysis of historical records, oral traditions, and scholarly research, this paper elucidates the significant contributions of Igala women to the economic development and sustenance of their families and communities. Furthermore, it discusses the challenges and transformations experienced by Igala women in the face of modernization and socio-economic changes. By shedding light on the economic endeavors of Igala women, this paper contributes to a deeper understanding of gender dynamics and economic development in Nigerian society.</p> SOPHIA OJOCHOGWU ADOFU, Ph.D Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/278 Wed, 22 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CHRISTIAN RELIGION AND COUNSELLING FOR VALUE RE-ORIENTATION IN POLITICAL LEADERSHIP https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/280 <p>Christian religion by its nature inspires feelings of godliness, integrity, honesty. perseverance, goodness, rectitude, brotherly kindness, love, peace with God, and with others. This may be a powerful instrument for fostering honesty in our political leadership. Politics from every indication is the pursuit, possession, and exercise of power in a society as well as the ability to impact the society uprightly. There is always a meeting point between Christian religion and counseling for re-orientation in political leadership. Religion no doubt has been a strong determining factor when it comes to the issue of governance and policy formulation. Looking at Nigeria, for example, we have Christian religion as one of the dominant religions which affects political leadership and the effect could be positive or negative. Many studies have been undertaken on the relationship between Christian religion and counseling for value re-orientation in political leadership, however, the aspect of the direct effect of Christian religion on counseling for value re-orientation is somehow neglected. This neglect has prompted this study which is aimed at exploring the effect of Christian religion on counseling for value re-orientation in political leadership in Nigeria. The study relies mainly on data obtained from secondary sources such as publications of relevant agencies, newspapers, unpublished works, and internet materials. The data will be contextually analysed to provide insight in terms of effect of Christian religion on counseling for value re-orientation in political leadership in the country.</p> DR (MRS) ANYEBE ADA Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/280 Wed, 22 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 FARMERS-HERDERS CONFLICTS AND FOOD INSECURITY IN NIGERIA https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/281 <p><em>The past few years have seen an upsurge in farmers and herders conflicts in Nigeria, especially in the North Central, North East, and South East regions of the nation, making Nigeria high in the index of unsafe nations around the globe. These conflicts have a terrible impact on the economy of the country, which is already suffering from food shortages and insecurity as well as constant price rises for food. As a result of the aforementioned, the paper focuses on investigating the root causes of farmers-herdsmen conflicts and how these conflicts affect the availability and cost of basic staple foods. A qualitative research approach was adopted, and data were gathered through a thorough desk literature review. The Thomas Malthus Resource Scarcity theory was adopted, which underpinned the conflagration between farmers and herders over competition for available limited resources such as grazing lands and water, etc. The paper makes the case that persistent farmers-herders conflicts have an impact on (i) food shortages and insecurity, as many farmers were compelled to flee their farms for safety. The contention is that in a crisis situation, agricultural activities would either cease to exist or cannot flourish; (ii) result in price increases for scarce foods; and (iii) inevitably lower people's standard of living. Furthermore, given the rise in tensions between farmers and herdsmen and the significant implications for the nation, the study recommends the Nigerian government enact stringent agricultural policies that support agricultural activities in order to ensure food security while also providing grazing lands for herders in their area.</em></p> ASANEBI, DAUPAMOWEI HENRY PHD Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) https://wissjournals.com.ng/index.php/wiss/article/view/281 Wed, 22 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000